XEROSTOMIA or DRY MOUTH

On 30 May, 2012 by Dr Chohan

There are many causes of dry mouth.Few importat causes are listed here.

  • Side effect of many drugs, including drugs used to treat anxiety, depression, allergies,acn, hypertension, asthma, urinary incontinence, epilepsy, parkinsons diease, obesity and diarrhoa.
  • Diseases and infections. Dry mouth can be a side effect of medical conditions, including Sjgren syndrome, diabetes,Cystic fibrosis, arthritis and mumps.
  • Demage to salivery gland. the glands that produce saliva, for example, from radiation to the head and neck and chemotherapy treatments for cancer, can reduce the amount of saliva produced.
  • Surgical removal of the salivary glands
  • Nerve damage. Dry mouth can be a result of nerve damage to the head and neck area from an injury or surgery.
  • Dehydration. Dehydration due to, excessive sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, blood loss, fever can cause dry mouth.
  • Smoking, Chewing tobacco.

Treatment

To find out the cause and treat it is the best. There are some  remedies to relieve dry mouth temporarily.

  • Chew sugar-free gum or suck on sugar-free hard candies.
  • Limit your caffeine intake. Caffeine can make your mouth drier.
  • Don’t use mouthwashes that contain alcohol because they can be drying.
  • Stop all tobacco use if you smoke or chew tobacco.
  • Sip water regularly.  Saliva substitutes can be tried.
  • Avoid using antihistamines and decongestants because they can make your symptoms worse.
  • Breathe through your nose, not your mouth.
  • Add moisture to the air at night with a room humidifier.
  • Avoid sugary or acidic foods and candies because they increase the risk of tooth decay.
  • Brush with a fluoride toothpaste.

If these steps don’t improve your dry mouth, contact your doctor. He will help you by changing your medication or its dosage, or addressing underlying health issues.

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Dr Professor Brigadier Arshad Chohan is available at: 

*   Dr Chohan’s ENT, Rafay Mall (1st floor), Peshawar Road Rawalpindi.    03315680471 , 03145118532

  •     Timing:
    • 2.00 pm-6.00 pm  daily except Sunday

Website:  www.entspecialists.pk

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